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TEXT ANALYSIS WITH VOYANT

Voyant is a web-based text analysis tool that allows users to consider a single or a collection of textual documents. By entering the URLs of the text or pasting in the full text, users can upload the material to be analyzed and revealed. http://voyant-tools.org/mistess_georgie

There are several tools available in this software. The word cloud is part of Cirrus, which reveals the frequency of words found in a given document by displaying the most frequently used words larger than other recurring words. The number of words appearing in the cloud
could be changed by adding stop words to eliminate the most commonly used words in the document that do not add to its value in visualizing the more relevant words.indiana_

The Terms function in Cirrus displays these words in order of their frequency and by clicking on a given word, the correlating graph will appear in Trends. The links button allows users to see the words that show up around the most frequently used words and see which connections happen the most often to reveal certain textual associations. In the reader section, specific document will appear where the target words are highlighted and by clicking on them, they will appear in the Trends function, which graphs the frequency of that word in the document. If the user is looking through a collection of texts, the Trend function will show the frequency of the selected word in the form of a graph in each document. The document terms in this section will show a list revealing how many times the chosen word appears in each document. This graph function may also compare several or all major words in a document in relation to each other. The Summary part allows the users to examine the most distinctive words. The context section shows where the word in question appears in the text and enables the user to read the surrounding text.old

Each section taps into a certain aspect of the text as it collects the “word data,” however; the accumulation of all sections will reveal valuable connections and perhaps raise questions regarding the text. In our case, looking at the slave narratives, certain interviews contained more of the word mistress others mentioned the master, so this knowledge may lead to selecting certain documents for further investigation with a discernible purpose for analysis. Literary texts may reveal concentration of themes or ideas around a certain word or name of a character or place. However, the frequency of names and places could also prove to be insignificant depending on the focus of the analysis.

james-joyce-the-dead

Uploading a single text is probably a good way to start Voyant to allow the user to play around with the different functions and examine their results. Although this tool is extremely useful with large amounts of text, it could also become tasking to refresh and reload data as its performance seem to slow with more text added.

 

Why Metadata Matters?

  • What features of the digital objects does the metadata describe? What features does it not describe?

The metadata describes a good array of features for documents in the American Consumer Culture database. The document “Dictionaries” contains title, date, document type, library, date, industry, copyright, place, company, method, keywords, and language. However, it does not describe author/writer/interviewer. Some documents are transcripts of interviews from broadcasts, however, the place of broadcast or the participants of the interview are not described in the metadata.

In the visuals section, the metadata on ads is also quite extensive. It includes, title, date, image type, source, industry, company, brand, keywords, and image details. It does not describe the artist who created this advertisement. Although, it describes that it appeared in a magazine, the name(s) of magazine(s) are not included.

  • What questions does the metadata allow you to ask? What questions does it not allow you to ask?

In regards to the advertisement, the keywords are helpful in guiding the user to the rest of the advertisement, which is a well-constructed description of the automobile. This portion of the data is not searchable; however, by zooming in on the image, the text is easy to access.

The documents in this database are equipped with a text search, so by inputting some of the metadata, the user could find specific pages of interest within the document.

American Consumer Culture , Market Research & American Business, 1935-1965

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Overview:

American Consumer Culture: Market Research and American Business, 1935-1965 provides information about the American consumer boom of the mid-20th century. It gives access to the market research reports and documents of Ernest Dichter who is the era’s primary consumer analyst and the founder of market research. The collection comprises of information on some of America’s best-known brands, containing thousands of reports commissioned by advertising agencies and global businesses in a booming era for consumerism. These include advertising and global brands on consumer goods such as cars, hotels, tobacco, and broadcasting. Researchers of consumer culture, business, advertising, marketing and psychology will find a wide range of documentation. Because the collection offers an extensive variety of industries featured, it allows for diverse approaches from a range of academic disciplines.

Search options the database offers:

A user may search by keyword the entire database or browse the content through documents or industries, Chronology, Ad Gallery, Further Resources, and Popular Resources.

Documents may be researched by industry, document type, or language. Researchers may download the entire document on PDF files or select an image range. These documents are also searchable. Users may create their own “ My Archive” by registering. It allows them to create their own personalized area of American Consumer Culture for storing searches, image slideshows and document. In order to use the ‘My Archive’ area, users need to register and create a profile.

Searching through Industry allows users to find documents and advertisement connected to the industry because all of the documents are assigned an industry and this can be used to navigate more quickly to documents related to a specific area of research.

Chronology provides timelines on Statistics, Politics and Legislation, Media and Publishing, Business and Brand, Advertising and Marketing, and Inventions and Innovations.

The Ad Gallery is a collection of images in advertisement. The user may search this by industry, decade, image type, or brand. Images can be downloaded as a PDF file or added to the lightbox and included in the personal archive.

The Further Resources section offers research on case studies, business biographies, essays, glossary, teaching, external links, and popular searches. It includes Case Studies, which were written by Stephan Schwarzkopf  about cars, chocolate and confectionery, cigarettes, and the psychology of consumption.

The Popular Searches can be accessed through keywords, brands, and companies. The Advanced Search option allows for keywords, text, word stemming, proximity, and can be filtered by industry, document type, or language. In addition, there is a browsing option to search visual resources only.

Digitization:

I was not able find information about the digitization of the content of this database with the exception of that “Dichter and The Institute for Motivational Research employed a number of techniques within their reports, and the particular methods used can be found in the metadata for each document. Methods included both secondary research, such as analysis of the literature, and primary research, including the techniques listed below. For a full explanation of each method type, please see the glossary.”

Archives of three participating Libraries enhance this database:

Publisher: Adam Matthews – publishes unique primary source collections from archives around the world.

The page-by-page guide explains all options this database offers, among others the various search functions: boolean operators,automatic and queries, phrase searching, and wildcards.

Reviews:

  1. Library Journal
  2. Princeton Journal
  3. Sage Publishing

A Guide to Digitization

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  1. What can you capture, and not capture, when you digitize something?

Given that any object, sound, image, or text held in memory institutions can be digitized the possibilities seem endless and in the same time daunting the more one examines the material being digitized in light of the purpose of this endeavor. Digitization expands beyond simply preserving material as it offers items for a wider scholarly public to research. Through scanning, photographs, microfilms, and encoding essentially all material in institutes could have a surrogate made; digitization seems the new way to capture our history, culture, and art. However, when we digitize, “additional infrastructure (such as a database, a website front end, and an explanatory apparatus or additional teaching materials) is required in order to deliver the content successfully to users.” (Terras). In addition, Terras brings up the issue of what could or should be captured “Digitization programs aim to create consistent images of documents and artifacts which are fundamentally individual and inconsistent, presenting a variety of physical attributes and capture requirements to the digitiser. “ Which yields a concern of authenticity, purpose of use, and accessibility for items digitized. Therefore, Terras suggest that guidelines should be created for scanning, photographing, and cataloging material to ensure quality and a sort of uniformity in digitizing. Without a guideline for digitizing, a given material may lose certain elements after being digitized if the intended purpose was to focus on a limited aspect of the item. For instance, Conway discusses historical photographs and the way they may be enhanced through digitization by cropping, correcting fading, or adjusting high-density segments. In the same time, however, this process could eliminate crucial intended effects and alter the image.

  1. Which forms of digitization make the most sense for different types of items?

The Kitchen Activity illustrated well the digitization process most beneficial to different types of items. Digital images captured less of the categories examined. For example, color and size were captured through images, however, sound, texture, weight, and even color in some cases were captured more accurately with digital video. Thus, JPGs and GIFs are best for photographs, text, and maps. Images taken from multiple angles may also be satisfactory for pottery and statues for example. However, 3D imaging and Mp3 format may prove to be more accurate in creating surrogates of architecture or audio material.

  1. To what extent does working with digitized representations impact how we understand different kinds of items, and/or our ability to use them for different purposes?

“The Medium is the Message” declares Marlene Manoff  in “The Materiality of Digital Collections: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives”.   She explains that the differences between electronic and print media are creating different results in understanding and interpretation of texts and objects. Digital media allows the objects to be manipulated, rearranged, and combined in such ways that “new modes of textual creation may transform the nature and content. Manoff asserts that medium shapes content therefore we need to address the issues around how some information may not translate well between forms of media. In addition, if print translated into other formats looses meaning, there is a question about digital objects reproduced in print having similar fate.

Melanoff’s “Textual Scholarship” speaks to the physical aspects of a source. It is essential to consider that audio-visual aids and descriptions are helpful but not always practical or affordable for institutes. Moreover, they are transformative as seen in the example of the effort to have librarians see the content as abstract not part of the actual physical format. Then she illustrates the importance of the physical format through the EEBO database where the initial collection was not searchable therefore the accessibility of the texts has changed. This led to the creation of another version of the text, keyed in by hand, which scholars were able to read more easily and search as well. I think using digitized material yields some amount of research into the digital forms of its origin. Digitized representations of material may lead to new understanding or discoveries, however, it could overshadow details missed, left out, or altered in the process of digitization.

J. Paul Getty Museum

J. Paul Getty Museum

URL: http://www.getty.edu/museum/

rights statement: http://www.getty.edu/legal/image_request/index.html

Open Content Program: http://www.getty.edu/about/opencontent.html

Material is available on the site:

  1. Gallery map and guide
  2. Detailed digital display of A “Hare in the Forest”  by Hans Hoffmann
  3. List of plants used in the Central Garden.
  4. Link to articles in Getty’s online magazine, The Iris http://blogs.getty.edu/iris/tags/central-garden/
  5. “Building The Getty” Video
  6. Images of the Getty museum’s architecture
  7. Tutorials on Khan Academy.
  8. Museum YouTube video stream.
  9. Join the Conversation/Ask the curator messaging.
  10. Image gallery of New Galleries for Medieval and Renaissance Sculpture and Decorative Arts
  11. A virtual model of an Augsburg Display Cabinet
  12. Museum collections search by categories: antiquities, drawings, manuscripts, paintings, photographs, sculptures and decorative arts.
  13. Digitized recent acquisitions with object details.
  14. The collection channels offer over 100 videos to explore the museum’s collection, artistic techniques, conversations and exhibitions.
  15. Museum Research and Conversation provides a list of museum symposia and publications.
  16. Museum publications in various downloadable in multiple format.
  17. Public programs, such as talks, performances, and films. Tours and highlights of past programs.
  18. Activity Guides for teacher regarding curricula, analysis, activities, and books.
  19. Resources for students.
  • CC_images PD_digital images

 

Prelinger Archives

NAME: Prelinger Archives

URL: https://archive.org/details/prelinger

Site’s Rights Statement: https://archive.org/about/terms.php

Web – “Wayback machine” Internet search, Microfilm, The Iraque War Archive, The Library of Congress, Electric Sheep

Text – E-book texts, open library (is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published), links to numerous libraries and their texte, such as the Smithsonian Library, Project Guttenberg

Video – features TV News Archive, Understanding 9/11, Video Game Videos, Vlogs, Youth MediaVideos

Audio – Live Music Archive,  Livrivox Free Audiobook, Music, Art, Culture, Radio Programs

Software – Internet Arcade, Software Livingroom, Classic PC Ganes, Seag Genesis

Image –

  • This library contains digital images uploaded by Archive users which range from maps to astronomical imagery to photographs of artwork. Many of these images are available for free download.Metropolitan Museum, Brooklyn Museum, Flickr Commons, Cover Art,Nasa Images, USGS Map
  • Collections are catalogued and date published, archived, reviewed given

NASA on The Commons

Name: NASA on The Commons

URL: https://www.flickr.com/photos/nasacommons

Site’s Rights Statement: https://www.flickr.com/commons/usage/

1. Explore tab options:

a. Recent – includes breathtaking photos of nature (all rights reserved © ).

b. Trending – a new addition featuring copyrighted © photos tagged and organized by places, genres, natural landscape, colors, seasons, architecture, etc.

c. Flickr VR – some rights reserved 360° panoramic photos

d. The Commons – shares  photos from the world’s photography archives, a collaborative public endeavor where the public is encouraged to tag and comment on pictures.

e. Galleries – photos from Facebook, Google

f. World Map – photos geographically categorized and  linked to locations around the world.

g. Web Garden – applications created by Flickr members using the Flickr API.

h. Camera Finder – recommended cameras used by Flickr community

i.  The Weekly Flckr – video series

j.  Flckr Blog

2. Create: to create home pages, gallery canvas wrap

Tags: PD_gemini, PD_JFK, PD_International Space Station, PD_Vancouver_Harber

A Definition of Digital Humanities

Digital Humanities is a platform, which offers a wide range of possibilities for scholars in humanities and computing as it merges those fields. This interdisciplinary field relies on the spectrum of activities that stem from literary, historical, cultural, or political scholarships embedding science and geography by borrowing tools and methodology from computer science and digital media. These disciplines do not simply mingle to pass on studies and methods, or exchange ideas and visions, rather they find a way to make new connections and create relevance between the old and the new, the familiar and the untried, and take a stand to inclusively attempt an original manifestation. On one hand, perspectives of literature and history are brought into a new light of cultural lens by digital tools that enable the public to engage in the conversation. On the other hand, digital tools allow new discoveries within ancient architecture, historical documents, or a piece of art that were unavailable to the pre-digital age.

Debates by Terras, Kirschenbaum, and Stephen discussing the definition of DH and viewing and analyzing projects in Digital Humanities, allowed me to gain a deeper insight within this discipline. However, I believe my definition reflects an evolving understanding of Digital Humanities, partially because trough practice I hope to engage with it more, but also because this field is vast and developing.

Graduate Certificate Information